SAES-422 Multistate Research Activity Accomplishments Report

Status: Approved

Basic Information


Mahdi Al-Kaisi (IA) Francisco Arriaga (WI) Larry Cihacek (ND) Mohammad Golabi (Guam) Jose Guzman, SD David Lobb (U. Manitoba) Klaus Lorenz (OH) Deann Presley (KS) Tom Schumacher (SD) (retired) Sandeep Kumar (SD)


The research reported by NC-1178 participants addresses various aspects agricultural intensification including crop residue removal by baling or grazing, monoculture vs. polyculture cropping systems, inclusion of cover crops in cropping systems, nutrient cycling in long-term no-till systems, and interactions between tillage and no tillage in long-term studies.  Incorporated in these studies were observations of soil health under differing crop management systems as well as alternate use of cover crops in some of the systems.  Several studies are addressing issues that may appear to be localized but have broad implications across wide areas of the North Central Region, especially, those areas which have similarities in climate.  Several states have long-term studies (>5 years) (Iowa, Ohio, Guam, South Dakota, North Dakota) that enable researchers to develop insight into how certain practices will have long-term impacts (e.g., crop yields, SOC changes, microbial changes, economic trends).  This project has been able to illustrate short (<3 years) and longer (> 5 years) term effects of specific types of soil and crop management.  These studies also illustrate the interactions of a varying climate and soil health with established cropping systems and the complexities facing agriculture in the North Central Region of the U. S.


  1. A total of 15 peer-reviewed journal articles, 1 book chapter, 1 thesis, and 42 presentations at professional conferences and workshops and field days in 2017 and 2018 were based on data collect from projects associated with this regional project. Currently, five graduate students are working on this project or have recently completed their work. The total audience of oral presentations including scientific and extension/outreach activities that have benefitted from data generated from active projects associated with NC-1178 during this reporting period is estimated to be 5,000+ scientists, farmers, agricultural professionals and local/county/state/federal agency personnel. Although it is often difficult to quantify these efforts, with the growing consciousness of the importance of soil health, farmers are making changes in their soil management practices that enhance soil organic carbon assimilation and dynamics and improve long-term crop productivity where these management practices are established. This information also has influenced the recommendations of agricultural crop consultants and agency personnel.


Alghamdi, A., M.B. Kirkham, D.R. Presley, Ganga Hettiarachchi, and L. Murray. 2017.  Rehabilitation of an Abandoned Mine Site with Biosolids. In: Spoil to Soil: Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation. Eds. N.S. Bolan, M.B. Kirkham, and Y.S. Ok. CRC Press. Portland, United States.

Alhameid A., M. Ibrahim, S. Kumar, P. Sexton, and T. Schumacher. 2017. Soil Organic Carbon Changes Impacted by Crop Rotational Diversity under No-Till Farming in South Dakota, USA. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 81:868-877.

Blanco-Canqui, H., and C.W. Wortmann. 2017. Crop residue removal and soil erosion by wind. J. Soil and Water Cons. 72:97A-104A.

Cox-O'Neill, J.L., K.M. Ulmer, M. Rakkar, L. Franzen-Castle, H. Blanco-Canqui, M.E. Drewnoski, J.C. MacDonald, and R.J. Rasby. 2017. Perceptions of crop consultants and crop producers on grazing corn residue in Nebraska. J. Ext. 55:1-11.

Daigh, A.L.M., W.A. Dick, M.J. Helmers, R. Lal, J.G. Lauer, E. Nafziger, C.H. Pederson, J. Strock, M. Villamil, A. Mukherjee, and R. Cruse. 2018. Yields and yield stability of no-till and chisel-plow fields in the Midwestern US Corn Belt. Field Crops Res. 218:243-253.

Farney, J., G. F. Sassenrath, C. Davis, and D. Presley. 2018. Production, Forage Quality and Economics of Three-Way Cover Crop Mixes. Crops Forage Turfgrass Manage. doi: 10.2134/cftm2017.11.0081;

Feng, Q., J. Xu, Y. Zhang, X. Li, J. Xu, H. Han, T. Ning, R. Lal, and Z. Li. 2017. CO2 fixation in above-ground biomass of summer maize under different tillage and straw management treatments. Scientific Rep. 7:16888.

He, Y., D.R. Presley, J. Tatarko, and H. Blanco-Canqui. 2017. Crop residue harvest impacts wind erodibility and simulated soil loss in the Central Great Plains. Global Change Biol. Bioenergy. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12483

Jha, P., S. Verma, R. Lal, C. Eidson and G.S. Dheri. 2017. Natural C-13 abundance and soil carbon dynamics under long-term residue retention in a no-till maize system. Soil Use and Manage. 33(1):90-97.

Kaur, J., L. J. Cihacek, and A. Chatterjee. 2018.  Estimation of nitrogen and sulfur mineralization in soils amended with crop residues contributing to nitrogen and sulfur nutrition of crops in the North Central U. S.  Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 49(18):2256-2266.

Nath, A.J. and R. Lal. 2017. Effects of tillage practices and land use management on soil aggregates and soil organic carbon in the north Appalachian region, USA. Pedosphere 27(1): 172-76.

Nawaz, A., R. Lal, R.K. Shrestha and M. Farooq. 2017. Mulching affects soil properties and greenhouse gas emissions under long-term no-till and plough-till systems in Alfisol of central Ohio. Land Degrad. Develop. 28(2): 673-81.

Presley, D., Y. He, and P. Tomlinson. 2018. Soil Health and Yields on Non-Sodic Soils Amended With Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum. Crops Forage Turfgrass Manage.  doi: 10.2134/cftm2018.01.0001

Rakkar, M.K. and H. Blanco-Canqui. 2018. Grazing of crop residues: Impacts on soils and crop production. Agric., Ecosys. and Environ. 254:71-90.

Rakkar, M.K., H. Blanco-Canqui, R. Rasby, K. Ulmer, J. Cox, M.E. Drewnoski, R. Drijber,  K. Jenkins,  and J. MacDonald. 2018. Grazing crop residues has less short-term impact on soil properties than baling in the central Great Plains. Agron. J. doi: 10.2134/agronj2018.03.0224.

Ruis, S., H. Blanco-Canqui, C. Burr, B. Olson, M. Reiman, D. Rudnick, R. Drijber, and T. Shaver. 2018. Corn residue baling and grazing impacts on soil carbon stocks and other properties on a Haplustoll. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 82:202–213.

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