NE1332: Biological Control of Arthropod Pests and Weeds

(Multistate Research Project)

Status: Inactive/Terminating

SAES-422 Reports


Ballard, M., J. Hough-Goldstein, and D. Tallamy. 2013. Arthropod communities on native and non-native early successional plants. Environmental Entomology 42:851-859.

Chew, F. S., R. G. Van Driesche, and R. A. Casagrande. 2012. Native butterfly confronts exotic plants and parasitoids Massachusetts Butterflies No. 39, Fall, pp. 1-6.

Choate, B. and F. Drummond. 2013. The role of insecticides in structuring Formica mound ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Maine lowbush blueberry. J. Econ. Entomol. 106(2): 716 – 726.

Cutting, K., and J. Hough-Goldstein. 2013. Integration of biological control and native seeding to restore invaded plant communities. Restoration Ecology 21: 648-655.

D'Appollonio-Cote, J., D. E. Yarborough, and F. Drummond. 2013 Maine Wild blueberry pesticide chart – 1 of 3.

Duan, J.J., L. S. Bauer, K.J. Abell, J. P. Lelito, R. Van Driesche. 2013 Establishment and abundance of Tetrastichus planipennisi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in Michigan: Potential for success in classical biocontrol of the invasive emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 106:1145-1154.

Frye, M.J. and J. Hough-Goldstein. 2013. Plant architecture and growth response of kudzu (Fabales: Fabaceae) to simulated insect herbivory. Environmental Entomology 42: 936-941.

Herlihy, M. V. and R. G. Van Driesche. 2013. Effects of Cotesia rubecula (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on survival of larval cohorts of Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) on collards: impact evaluation of the impact of an introduced biological control agent. Florida Entomologist 96: 360-369.

Herlihy, M. V., D. L. Wagner, and R. G. Van Driesche. 2014. Persistence in Massachusetts of the veined white due to use invasive form of Cardamine pratensis. Biological Invasions in press.

Jones, M.S. H. Vanhanen, R. Peltola, and F.A. Drummond. 2014. A Global Review of Arthropod-Mediated Ecosystem-Services in Vaccinium Berry Agroecosystems. Terrestrial Arthopod Reviews 5(x): in press

Lake, E., K. Cutting, and J. Hough-Goldstein. 2013. Integrating biological control and native plantings to restore sites invaded by mile-a-minute weed, Persicaria perfoliata, in the mid-Atlantic US. pp. 254-261 In Y. Wu, T. Johnson, S. Sing, R. Rhagu, G. Wheeler, P. Pratt, K. Warner, T. Center, J. Goolsby, and R. Reardon (eds.) Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. USDA Forest Service, FHTET-2012-07. 530 pp.

Obeysekara, P. T., and A. Legrand. 2014. Analysis of Tiphia parasitoids preovipositional behaviors and of their scarab host defensive responses. Biological Control 69: 97-106.

Obeysekara, P.T., A. Legrand and G. Lavigne. 2014. Use of herbivore-induced plant volatiles as search cues by Tiphia vernalis and Tiphia popilliavora to locate their below-ground scarabaeid hosts. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 150: 74–85.

Smith, J.R. and J. Hough-Goldstein. 2013. Phototaxis, host cues, and host-finding in a monophagous weevil, Rhinoncomimus latipes. Journal of Insect Behavior 26:109–119.


Abell, K. J., L. S. Bauer, J. J. Duan, and R. G. Van Driesche. 2014. Long-term monitoring of the introduced emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) egg parasitoid, Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), in Michigan, USA and evaluation of a newly developed monitoring technique Biological Control 79: 36–42.

Duan, J. J., K. J. Abell, L. S. Bauer, J. Gould and R. Van Driesche. 2014. Natural enemies implicated in the regulation of an invasive pest: a life table analysis of the population dynamics of the emerald ash borer. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 79: 36-42. published on line DOI: 10.1111/afe.12070

Casagrande, R. A., F. S. Chew, and R. G. Van Driesche. 2014. Ecological traps and weed biological control, pp. 105-11. In: Impson, F. A. C, C. A. Kleinjan, and J. H. Hoffmann (eds.). Proceedings of the XIV International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 2-7 March, 2014. Krugar National Park, South Africa. University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Elkinton, J. S, A. M. Liebhold, G. H. Boettner and M. Sremac. 2014. Invasion spread of Operophtera brumata in northeastern United States and hybridization with O. bruceata Biol. Invasions 16: 2263-2272.

Gardner, J. and M. P. Hoffmann. 2015. Aerodynamic sorting of insect host eggs for quality assurance in parasitoid mass production. BioControl Science and Technology (accepted).

Gautam, S., D. Olmstead, J-C Tian, H. Collins, and A. M. Shelton. 2014. Tri-trophic studies using Cry1Ac-resistant Plutella xylostella demonstrate no adverse effects of Cry1Ac on the entomopathogenic nematode, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Journal of Economic Entomology 107: 115-120.

Gwiazowski, R. S. J. S. Elkinton, J. R. Dewaard and M. Sremac. 2013. Phylogeographic diversity of the winter moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Operophtera), O. brumata, and O. bruceata in Europe and North America. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 106: 143-151.

Herlihy, M. V., D. L. Wagner, and R. G. Van Driesche. 2014. Persistence in Massachusetts of the veined white butterfly due to use of the invasive form of cuckoo flower. Biological Invasions DOI 10.1007/s10530-014-0698-x (published on line in April 2014)

Hough-Goldstein, J., A. R. Stout, and J. A. Schoenstein. 2014. Fitness and field performance of a mass-reared biological control agent, Rhinoncomimus latipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environmental Entomology 43: 923-931.

Kumar, R., J. Tian, S. Naranjo and A. M. Shelton. 2014. Effects of Bt cotton on Thrips tabaci and its predator, Orius insidiosus. Journal of Economic Entomology 107: 927-932.

Lake, E., J. Hough-Goldstein, and V. D’Amico. 2014. Integrating management techniques to restore sites invaded by mile-a-minute weed, Persicaria perfoliata. Restoration Ecology 22: 127-133.

Liu, X. X., M. Chen, H. L. Collins, D. W. Onstad, R. T. Roush, Q. Zhang, E. D. Earle and A.M. Shelton. 2014. Natural enemies delay insect resistance to Bt plants. PLoS One DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0090366

Morton, T. A. L., A. Thorn, J. M. Reed, R. Van Driesche, R. A. Casagrande, F. S. Chew. 2014. Modeling the decline and potential recovery of a native butterfly following serial invasions by exotic species. Biological Invasions in press

McKenzie, E. A. J. S. Elkinton, R. A. Casagrande, E. L. Preisser and M. Mayer. 2014. Terpene chemistry of eastern hemlocks resistant to hemlock woolly adelgid. J. Chem. Ecol. DOI:10.1007/s10886-014-0495-0.

Obeysekara, P. A. 2013. Host Selection of Spring Tiphia (Tiphia vernalis) and Summer Tiphia (Tiphia popilliavora). PhD. Dissertation. University of Connecticut.

Obeysekara, P. T. and A. Legrand. 2014. The influence of host species and location in the host detection ability of Tiphiid (Hymenoptera:Tiphiidae) parasitoids. Environmental Entomology 43: 1594-1602.

Pezet, J, and J. S. Elkinton. 2014. Hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) induces twig volatiles of eastern hemlock in a forest setting. Environ. Entomol. 43: 1257-1285.

Pezet, J, and J. S. Elkinton. 2014. Hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) induces twig volatiles of eastern hemlock in a forest setting. Environ. Entomol. 43: 1257-1285.

Simmons, M. J., T. D. Lee, M. J. Ducey, J S. Elkinton, G H. Boettner, and K. J. Dodds. 2014. Effects of invasive winter moth defoliation on tree radial growth in eastern Massachusetts. Insects 5: 301-318.

Smith, J.R, and J. Hough-Goldstein. 2014. Impact of herbivory on mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata) seed production and viability. Biological Control 76: 60-64.

Smith, J.R., J. Hough-Goldstein, and E.C. Lake. 2014. Variable seed viability of mile-a-minute weed (Devil’s tearthumb, Persicaria perfoliata). Invasive Plant Science and Management 7: 107-112.

Sussky, E. M. and J. S. Elkinton. 2014. Density-dependent survival and fecundity of hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae). Environ. Entomol. 43: 1157-1167.

Sussky, E. M. and J. S. Elkinton. 2015. Survival and near-extinction during summer aestivation of hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) in a hemlock plantation. Environ. Entomol. DOI:

Tian, J-C., L-P. Long, X-P. Wang, S. Naranjo, J. Romeis, R. Hellmich, P. Wang, and A. M. Shelton. 2014. Using resistant prey demonstrates that Bt plants producing Cry1Ac, Cry2Ab and Cry1F have no negative effects on Geocoris punctipes and Orius insidiosus. Environmental Entomology 43: 242-251.


Berg, S. A., J. A. Hough-Goldstein, E. C. Lake, and V. D’Amico. 2015. Mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata) and weevil (Rhinoncomimus latipes) response to varying moisture and temperature conditions. Biological Control 83: 68-74.

Brandt, D.M., Johnson, P.J., Losey, J.E., Catangui, M.A. and Hesler, L.S. 2015. Development and survivorship of a predatory lady beetle, Coccinella novemnotata, on various aphid diets. BioControl 60: 221-229.

Duan, J. J., L. S. Bauer, K. J. Abell, M. Ulyshen and R. G. Van Driesche. 2015a. Population dynamics of an invasive forest insect and associated natural enemies in the aftermath of invasion: implications for biological control. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 1246-1253.

Duan, Jian J., J. Gould, and R. W. Fuester. 2015b. Evaluation of the host specificity of Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid of the emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Northeast Asia. Biological Control 89: 91 – 97. 2015.

Fischer, Melissa J., Carlyle C. Brewster, Nathan P. Havill, Scott M. Salom, and Loke T. Kok. 2015. Assessment of the potential for hybridisation between Laricobius nigrinus (Coleoptera: Derodontidae) and Laricobius osakensis, predators of the hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), Biocontrol Science and Technology, 25:12, 1467-1482, DOI:10.1080/09583157.2015.1061099

Fischer, Melissa J., Nathan P. Havill, Carlyle C. Brewster, Gina A. Davis, Scott M. Salom, and Loke T. Kok. 2015. Field assessment of hybridization between Laricobius nigrinus and L. rubidus, predators of Adelgidae. Biological Control 82: 1-6.

Hough-Goldstein, J., E. Lake, R. Reardon, and Y. Wu. 2015. Biology and Biological Control of Mile-a-Minute Weed. USDA Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, FHTET-2008-10. Revised July 2015. 75 pp.

Hough-Goldstein, J., E.C. Lake, K.J. Shropshire, R.E. Moore, and V. D’Amico. 2016. Laboratory and field-based temperature-dependent development of a monophagous weevil: implications for integrated weed management. Biological Control 92: 120-127.

Tumminello, G., Ugine, T.A. and Losey, J.E., 2015. Intraguild interactions of native and introduced Coccinellids: The decline of a flagship species. Environmental Entomology 44: 64-72.

Ugine, T.A. and Losey, J.E., 2014. Development times and age-specific life table parameters of the native lady beetle species Coccinella novemnotata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and its invasive congener Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Environmental Entomology 43: 1067-1075.

Elkinton, J., G. Boettner, A. Liebhold and R. Gwiazdowski. 2015. Biology, spread and biological control of winter moth in the eastern United States. USDA Forest Service, FHTET-2014-07


Bittner, T., Hajek, A.E., Liebherr, J.K. 2016. Associations among Serropalpus substriatus (Coleoptera: Melandryidae) and Sirex (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) communities. Grt. Lks. Entomol. 49 (1-2): 19-26 (plus cover).

Bittner, T.D., Hajek, A.E., Liebherr, J.K. 2016. Associations among Serropalpus substriatus (Coleoptera: Melandryidae) and Sirex (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) communities. USDA Forest Service, FHTET-2016-09: 49.

Blossey, B., 2016a. The future of biological control: a proposal for fundamental reform In: Van Driesche, R., Simberloff, D., Blossey, B., Causton, C., Hoddle, M., Marks, C., Heinz, K., Wagner, D., Wagner, K., Eds.), Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice. Wiley, Chichester, UK,  pp. 314-328.

Blossey, B., 2016b. Measuring and evaluating ecological outcomes of biological control introductions. In: Van Driesche, R., Simberloff, D., Blossey, B., Causton, C., Hoddle, M., Marks, C., Heinz, K., Wagner, D., Wagner, K., Eds.), Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice. Wiley, Chichester, UK,  pp. 161-188.

Blossey, B., Casagrande, R., 2016a. Biological control of invasive Phragmites may safeguard native Phragmites and increase wetland conservation values. Biological Invasions 18, 2753-2755.

Blossey, B., Casagrande, R.A., 2016b. Response to Bhattarai et al.: Trait differences between native and introduced genotypes results in subspecies level specificity in select Phragmites herbivores. Biological Invasions 18, 2759-2760.

Blossey, B., Randall, C.B., Schwarzländer, M., 2016. Biology and Biological Control of Purple Loosestrife, 2nd edition. USDA, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, FHTET-2015-3, Morgantown, WV.

Caetano, I.A.L., Morris, E.E., Hajek, A.E. 2016. Growth of the Sirex-parasitic nematode Deladenus siricidicola on the white rot fungus Amylostereum. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 134: 12-14.

Darr, M. N., T. J. McAvoy, C. C. Brewster, and S. M. Salom.  2016.  Field-Cage evaluation of survival, reproduction, and feeding behavior of adult Scymnus coniferarum (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of Adelges tsugae (Hemiptera: Adelgidae).  Environ. Entomol. 45(6): 1527-1535.

Diepenbrock, L. M., Fothergill, K., Tindall, K. V., Losey, J. E., Smyth, R. R., & Finke, D. L. (2016). The Influence of Exotic Lady Beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Establishment on the Species Composition of the Native Lady Beetle Community in Missouri. Environmental Entomology. 45:855-864.

DiTommaso, A., Averill, K., Hoffmann, M., Fuchsberg, J. and Losey, J.  (2016). Integrating insect, resistance, and floral resource management in weed control decision-making. Weed Science 64:743-756.

Fisher, J.J., Hajek, A.E. 2016. The role of starvation on the synergy between a fungal pathogen and a pesticide. USDA Forest Service, FHTET-2016-09: 55. 

Fisher, J.J., Hajek, A.E. 2016. Influence of mating and age on susceptibility of Asian longhorned beetle to a fungal pathogen. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 136: 142-148.

Goble, T.A., Gardescu, S., Jackson, M.A., Hajek, A.E. 2016. Evaluating different carriers of Metarhizium brunneum F52 microsclerotia for control of adult Asian longhorned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Biocontr. Sci. Technol. 26: 1212-1229.

Goble, T.A., Gardescu, S., Jackson, M.A., Fisher, J.J., Hajek, A.E. 2016. Conidial production, persistence, and pathogenicity of hydromulch formulations of Metarhizium brunneum F52 microsclerotia under forest conditions. Biol. Control 95: 83-93.

Goble, T.A., Hajek, A.E., Gardescu, S., Jackson, M. 2016. Metarhizium F52 microsclerotia applied in hydromulch to control Asian longhorned beetles. USDA Forest Service, FHTET-2016-09: 57.

Haelewaters, D., Zhao, S.Y., Clusella-Trullas, S., Cottrell, T.E., De Kesel, A., Fiedler, L., Herz, A., Hesketh, H., Hui, C., Kleespies, R.G. and Losey, J.E., 2016. Parasites of Harmonia axyridis: current research and perspectives. BioControl.  1:1-17.

HE Roy, PMJ Brown, T Adriaens, N Berkvens, I Borges, S Clusella-Trullas, RF Comont, P De Clercq, R Eschen, A Estoup, EW Evans, B Facon, MM Gardiner, A Gil, AA Grez, T Guillemaud, D Haelewaters, A Herz, A Honek, AG Howe, C Hui, WD Hutchison, M Kenis, RL Koch, J Kulfan, LL Handley, E Lombaert, A Loomans, J Losey, AO Lukashuk, DMaes, A Magro, KM Murray, G San Martin, Z Martinkova, IA Minnaar, O Nedved, MJ Orlova-Bienkowskaja, N Osawa, W Rabitsch, HP Ravn, G Rondoni, SL Rorke, SK Ryndevich, M Saethre, JJ Sloggett, AO Soares, R Stals, MC Tinsley, A Vandereycken, P van Wielink, S Viglášová, P Zach, IA Zakharov, T Zaviezo, Z Zhao.  (2016).  The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis: global perspectives on invasion history and ecology.  Biological Invasions (2016) 18: 997. doi:10.1007/s10530-016-1077-6.

Hajek, A.E., Hurley, B.P., Kenis, M., Garnas, J.R., Bush, S.J., Wingfield, M.J., van Lenteren, J.C., Cock, M.J.W. 2016. Exotic biological control agents: a solution or contribution to arthropod invasions? Biol. Invasions 18: 953-969.

Hajek, A.E., Hurley, B.P., Kenis, M., Garnas, J.R., Bush, S.J., Wingfield, M.J., van Lenteren, J.C., Cock, M.J.W. 2016. Challenges facing biological control of invasive arthropods. USDA Forest Service, FHTET-2016-09: 39-40.

Hajek, A.E., Gardescu, S., Delalibera Jr., I. 2016. Classical Biological Control of Insects and Mites: A Worldwide Catalogue of Pathogen and Nematode Introductions. USDA Forest Service. FHTET-2016-06, 57 pp. [Catalogue]

Mooneyham, Katlin L., Scott M. Salom, and Loke T. Kok. 2016.   Release and colonization of Laricobius osakensis (Coleoptera: Derodontidae), a predator of the hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae.  Northeastern Naturalist.  23: 141-150.

Pilarska, D., Hajek, A.E., Keena, M., Linde, A., Kereselidze, M., Georgiev, G., Georgieva, M., Mirchev, P., Takov, D., Draganova, S. 2016. Susceptibility of larvae of nun moth, Lymantria monacha (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera), to the entomopathogenic fungus Entomophaga maimaiga Humber, Shimazu and Soper (Entomophthorales) under laboratory and field conditions. Acta Zool. Bulg. 68: 117-126.

Van Driesche, R., Simberloff, D., Blossey, B., Causton, C., Hoddle, M., Wagner, D., Marks, C., Heinz, K., Warner, K. Eds.), 2016. Integrating Biological Control into Conservation Practice. Wiley, Chichester, UK.



.  (See list of new publications below)

Abram, Paul K., Kim A. Hoelmer, Angelita Acebes-Doria, Heather Andrews, Elizabeth H. Beers, J. Christopher Bergh, Ric Bessin, David Biddinger, Paul Botch, Matthew L. Buffington, Mary L. Cornelius, Elena Costi, Ernest S. Delfosse, Christine Dieckhoff, Rachelyn Dobson, Zachary Donais, Matthew Grieshop, George Hamilton, Tim Haye, Christopher Hedstrom & 29 others. 2017. Indigenous arthropod natural enemies of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug in North America and Europe. Journal of Pest Science. 90(4): 1009-1020.

Bittner, T., Hajek, A.E., Haavik, L.J., Allison, J.D., and Nahrung, H. 2017. Multiple introductions of Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in northeastern North America based on microsatellite genotypes, and implications for biological control. Biological Invasions 19(5) DOI 10.1007/s10530-016-1365-1.

Bittner, T.D., Hajek, A.E., Liebhold, A.S., Thistle, H. 2017. Modification of a pollen trap design to capture airborne conidia of Entomophaga maimaiga and detection by quantitative PCR. Applied & Environmental Microbiology 83: 1-11.

Broadley, H.J., E.A. Kelly, J.S. Elkinton, R. Kula, and G.J. Boettner. 2018. Identification and impact of hyperparasitoids and predators affecting Cyzenis albicans (Tachinidae), a recently introduced biological control agent of winter moth (Operophtera brumata L.) in the northeastern U.S.A. Biological Control 121:99-108.

Casagrande, R.A., P. Häfliger, H.L. Hinz, L. Tewksbury, and B. Blossey. 2017. Grasses as appropriate targets in weed biocontrol: is the common reed, Phragmites australis, an anomaly? BioControl DOI: 10.1007/s10526-018-9871-y

Duan, JJ, LS Bauer, and RG. Van Driesche. 2017. Emerald ash borer biocontrol in ash saplings: the potential for early stage recovery of North American ash trees. Forest Ecology and Management 394:64-72.

Duan, J.J, L.S. Bauer, R.G. Van Driesche, and J.R. Gould. 2018. Progress and Challenges of Protecting North American Ash Trees from the Emerald Ash Borer Using Biological Control. Forests. 9(3), 142. doi:10.3390/f9030142.

Elkinton, J., G. Boettner. 2017. Winter Moth Biological Control Report 2017. Dept. of Environmental Conservation, University of Massachusetts.

Gardescu, S., A.E. Hajek, T.A. Goble and M.A. Jackson. 2017. Metarhizium microsclerotia and hydrogel versus hydromulch: testing fungal formulations against Asian longhorned beetles.

Golec, J.R., J.J. Duan and J. Hough-Goldstein. 2017. Influence of Temperature on the Reproductive and Developmental Biology of Ontsira mellipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): Implications for Biological Control of the Asian Longhorned Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Environmental Entomology 46(4):978-987.

Grab, H., B. Danforth, K. Poveda, G.M. Loeb. 2018. Landscape simplification reduces classical biological control and crop yield. Ecological Applications. 28(2):2-8.

Hajek, A.E., D.C. Harris, and T.D. Bittner. 2018. Symbiont spillover from invasive to native woodwasps. Microb. Ecol. 75(1):7-9.

Hajek, A.E. and J. Eilenberg. 2018. Natural Enemies: An Introduction to Biological Control. 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Hajek, A.E., L.F. Solter, J.V. Maddox, W.F. Huang, A.S. Estep, G. Krawczyk, D.C. Weber, K.A. Hoelmer, N.D. Sanscrainte, J.J. Becnel. 2017. Nosema maddoxi sp. nov. (Microsporidia, Nosematidae), a widespread pathogen of the green stink bug Chinavia hilaris (Say) and the brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål). Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology DOI: 10.1111/jeu.12475

Hudson, W., C. Detweiler, M. Mayer, G. Robbins, A. Lovero and J. Beetle. 2017.      Rhinoncomimus latipes (Coleoptera: Curculionindae) As A Biological Control Agent For Mile-a-minute, Persicaria perfoliata in New Jersey. Annual Report.

Kenis, M., B.P. Hurley, A.E. Hajek, M.J.W. Cock. 2017. Classical biological control of insect pests of trees: facts and figures. Biological Invasions. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-017-1414-4

Mausel, D. L., L. T. Kok, and S. M. Salom.  2017. Numerical response and impact of Laricobius nigrinus (Coleoptera: Derodontidae) on Adelges tsugae (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) in their native range.  Environ. Entomol.  46: 544-551.  doi:10.1093/ee/nvx078

Murphy, T.C., R.G. Van Driesche, J.R. Gould, and J.S. Elkinton. 2017. Can Spathius galinae attack emerald ash borer larvae feeding in large ash trees?

Tewksbury, L., R.A. Casagrande, N. Cappuccino and M. Kenis. 2017. Establishment of parasitoids of the lily leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in North America. Environmental Entomology. 46(2): 226-236.

Williams, D.W., Hajek, A.E. 2017. Biological control of Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in the northeastern United States using an exotic parasitic nematode. Biological Control 107: 77–86.  DOI: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2017.01.008



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